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Multilin Intelligent Line Monitoring System
Delivering actionable intelligence for improved reliability and efficiency

GE's innovative Multilin™ Intelligent Line Monitoring System provides situational awareness along distribution feeders enabling distribution utilities to operate and respond based on prevailing conditions. The system provides utilities with high quality, time coherent data throughout their distribution networks, allowing them to improve performance, reliability and efficiency.

GE's expertise in distribution networks and system development provides the experience needed to address the utilities challenges and deliver proven and sustainable network performance improvement.

Feeder Visualization
FMC
  • Provides increased situational awareness along distribution feeders
  • Enables utilities to operate and respond based on prevailing feeder conditions, not static or seasonal estimates
Fault Detection and Analysis
  • Enables faster response reducing SAIDI and CAIDI indices
  • Promotes targeted spend of maintenance funds based on performance instead of age of asset
Dynamic Line Rating
  • Provides the visibility to compute dynamic line ratings based on prevailing conditions
  • Enables distribution utilities to better manage their feeders, avoid conductor degradation and knowledgeably deploy sustainable generation


Overview

The Multilin Intelligent Line Monitoring System is an end-to-end line monitoring solution with advanced analytics that provides actionable intelligence to distribution utilities to improve the reliability and efficiency of their networks.


Analytical Applications
  • Feeder visualization
  • Fault detection, location and analysis and maintenance prioritization (Multilin X-NET)
  • Dynamic line rating calculation and analysis (Multilin T-NET)
 
Sensor Network Gateway (SNG)
  • Acts as a communications gateway for distribution network and weather information critical for supporting advanced applications
  • Equipped with a GPS transceiver that synchronizes the entire system, enabling GE’s advanced analytics
  • Provides multiple options for communications backhaul to analytical applications providing installation flexibility
 
Line Sensors
  • Provides periodic time synchronized measurements to facilitate improved situational awareness and operations:
    • Electrical current, both amplitude and phase
    • Conductor surface temperature
  • Detects fault conditions facilitating rapid identification and notification

Key Benefits

  • Extended visibility into the distribution network
  • Reduced cost of ownership with GE’s sensors designed for easy installation on live networks
  • Designed to meet the challenges of capturing faults in both low and high impedance grounding treatments
  • Advanced analytical applications enabled by GE’s patented time synchronized data
  • Remote firmware upgrade enabling further application development and compliance with regulatory and operational requirements
  • Time synchronized measured data in DNP3 format
Fault Detection, Location and Analysis Application (X-NET Software)

The advanced analytics delivered by the X-NET application are designed to meet the challenges of capturing faults in both low and high impedance grounding treatments. The Intelligent Line Monitoring System delivers the necessary field visibility and advanced analytics to capture and report the location of ground and phase to phase faults as well as cross country faults in high impedance grounding schemes.

Fault Detection, Location & Analysis

  • Monitors the distribution network 24/7 for events and faults
  • Automatically filters events from faults based on utility defined configuration to avoid nuisance reports
  • Identifies fault location alerting operators visually and notifying repair crews via email and SMS messaging
  • Provides a cycle by cycle plot of fault activity
  •  

Maintenance Prioritization

The X-NET Software enables the utility to effectively prioritize maintenance expenditure by:
  • Maintaining a database of events to facilitate identification of repetitive incidences, comparison of feeder performance and definition of preventive maintenance programs
  • Graphically depicting outage history for each feeder section

The X-NET Application enables utilities to:

  • Target where to spend maintenance funds based on performance instead of age of assets
  • Direct field crews to feeder sections where maintenance is needed
  • Guide maintenance work required by the nature and frequency of feeder faults indicated by frequent re-closer activity
  • Categorize maintenance required based upon repetitive transients indicative of:
    • The need for tree trimming
    • Salt build-up
    • Equipment degradation
  

Dynamic Line Rating Application (T-NET Software)

GE's Multilin T-NET advanced analytics compute dynamic line ratings based on prevailing conditions enabling distribution utilities to better manage their feeders, avoid conductor degradation, and knowledgeably deploy sustainable generation. The Intelligent Line Monitoring System employs weather data including a weather station and/or an ultrasonic anemometer input and uses wind speed and direction averaging techniques to deliver enhanced dynamic line rating analytics enabling utilities to set increased circuit ratings based on a greater understanding of prevailing conditions.

In addition to delivering measured data in DNP3 format, GE's dynamic line rating application provides actionable information enabling utilities to:

  • Understand the current loading on the feeder
  • Recognize feeders nearing their rated capacity
  • Identify additional available line capacity based on prevailing conditions
  • Detect site specific icing conditions to enhance storm operation decisions and response
  • Calculate line sag based on prevailing conditions
  

Advanced Overhead Line Sensing

As part of the Intelligent Line Monitoring System, the sensors play a key role in providing visibility along the distribution network. The sensor measures and records the current, both amplitude and phase, at 32 samples per cycle, and communicates to the SNG via an on-board 2.4 GHz radio.

The sensor is configured to detect fault conditions facilitating rapid identification and notification. In addition, the sensors can be configured to provide periodic measurements to facilitate improved situational awareness and operations. The sensor can be supplied with an optional temperature probe on a flying lead that measures the surface temperature of the conductor facilitating dynamic line rating analysis and conductor temperature monitoring.

Installation of the Multilin FMC-T6 line sensor can be completed in just minutes on a live line using either hot-stick or hot-glove. Sensors can be installed on 480V to 140kV feeders and will sit on conductors ranging from 10 mm to 28 mm in diameter. The sensor commences operation as soon as it is closed around the conductor and a small flashing LED mounted in the sensor housing indicates that it is operational. The magnetic field of the line provides the power for the sensor and also charges a 48 hour battery back-up that keeps the sensor operational in the event of an outage.

Time Synchronized Communications with the Sensor Network Gateway

As part of the Intelligent Line Monitoring System, the Sensor Network Gateway (SNG) plays a vital role in ensuring connectivity between the applications and the field, providing visibility along the distribution network. The SNG provides a communications gateway for distribution network and weather information that is critical for advanced applications such as fault location and analysis, dynamic line rating, maintenance planning and feeder visualization. Alternatively the SNG delivers measured data in DNP3 format to head end systems.

The SNG provides two way communications to the line sensors by 2.4 GHz radio. The SNG receives weather data from to the weather station and/or ultrasonic anemometer by a hardwired link. The SNG also records voltage, both amplitude and phase, at 32 samples per cycle via substation or feeder voltage transformers (VT’s). The SNG is equipped with several backhaul options for communicating with the advanced applications including 2G/3G GRPS/UMTS as well as serial and Ethernet communication ports. Each SNG is equipped with a GPS transceiver that synchronizes the entire system, enabling GE’s advanced analytics.

The SNG is versatile and can be installed along the distribution feeder communicating with the line sensors or in a substation for voltage monitoring. Typical feeder installation scenarios include a single SNG with three sensors (one sensor per phase) or a single SNG with six sensors located at a branch port or feeder tap enabling it to effectively monitor two circuits at one site. Radio range between the line sensors and the SNG is typically 30 meters/100 feet, and the SNG is normally mounted on the same pole or structure underneath the sensors. The SNG is a low power device and can be powered by a solar panel or by a 100V/250V AC power supply.

Application Data Specifications

Application Data Specifications

System Management Specifications

System Management Specifications

Software Specifications

SSoftware Specifications

Certifications

Certifications

Type Tests

Type Tests

Feeder Visualization Application

In addition to delivering measured data in DNP3 format, GE's feeder visualization application increases situational awareness along distribution feeders and enables utilities to operate and respond based on prevailing conditions, not static or seasonal estimates. This application provides actionable information enabling utilities to:

  • Analyze 3 phase current along the feeder
  • Balance phases to extend circuit capabilities and delay capital expenditures
  • Identify conductor loading issues due to phase imbalance and take corrective action
  • Identify line regulator loading issues and take corrective action

GE's Intelligent Line Monitoring system is time synchronized enabling data from multiple locations along the distribution network to be aligned to within 40µS. Accurate time synchronization enables the delivery of positive, negative and zero sequence currents at each measuring location along with substation voltage.